Holidays and Festivals in Japan

Japan's holidays and festivals form a colorful mosaic of its cultural and historical traditions, blended seamlessly with contemporary observances. Each event carries its own distinct meaning and is celebrated in a manner that mirrors Japan's deep-rooted heritage and its dynamic, modern cultural landscape. Ranging from the reflective observances of national holidays to the spirited festivities of local matsuri, these celebrations are ingrained in the fabric of daily life in Japan, showcasing the nation's unique identity and community values. Following is a list of the most celebrated holidays and festivals in Japan.

New Year's Day

New Year's Day in Japan, known as 'Ganjitsu', is celebrated on January 1st and is one of the most important traditional holidays. It is a time of family reunions, special meals like 'osechi-ryori', and visiting shrines to pray for good fortune in the coming year. Homes are often decorated with 'kadomatsu' and 'shimenawa' to welcome the gods of harvest and prosperity.

Coming of Age Day

Coming of Age Day, or 'Seijin no Hi', observed on the second Monday of January, honors young adults who have reached the age of 20, signifying their entry into adulthood. The day is celebrated with ceremonies across Japan, where new adults wear traditional attire and receive blessings. It's a day of joy and pride for families, marking a significant life milestone.

National Foundation Day

National Foundation Day, celebrated on February 11th, commemorates the mythical foundation of Japan and the accession of its first emperor, Emperor Jimmu. It's a day marked by patriotic events and reflection on Japanese history, with flags displayed across the country to honor this national narrative.

Emperor's Birthday

The Emperor's Birthday is a national holiday celebrating the current emperor's birth date. As of now, it is observed on February 23rd, marking the birthday of Emperor Naruhito. This day sees celebrations across Japan, with public appearances by the Emperor and the royal family, and the Imperial Palace opening to the public.

Vernal Equinox Day

Vernal Equinox Day, occurring around March 20th or 21st, is a time to celebrate nature and living things. Traditionally, it is a day for visiting family graves and holding family gatherings. It's a blend of Shinto beliefs and modern appreciation for the changing seasons, particularly the arrival of spring.

Shōwa Day

Shōwa Day, celebrated on April 29th, honors the birthday of Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito), who reigned from 1926 to 1989. This day marks the beginning of Golden Week and is a time for reflecting on the turbulent history of the Shōwa era, emphasizing peace and prosperity.

Constitution Memorial Day

Constitution Memorial Day, observed on May 3rd, is part of the Golden Week. This holiday commemorates the promulgation of the post-war constitution in 1947. It's a day for political demonstrations, public lectures, and events that encourage reflection on democracy, peace, and Japan's post-war history.

Greenery Day

Greenery Day, celebrated on May 4th, is also part of Golden Week. This day is dedicated to appreciating nature and the environment. People engage in activities like planting trees and enjoying the outdoors, celebrating Japan's lush landscapes and the importance of environmental conservation.

Children's Day

Children's Day, or 'Kodomo no Hi', celebrated on May 5th, is a day dedicated to celebrating the health and happiness of children. Families fly carp-shaped kites called 'koinobori', display samurai dolls for boys, and enjoy special treats like 'kashiwa-mochi'. This day, part of Golden Week, focuses on the well-being and future success of the younger generation.

Marine Day

Marine Day, known as 'Umi no Hi', celebrated on the third Monday of July, honors the ocean's blessings and Japan’s maritime history. It's a day for people to appreciate the sea's significance, often marked by beach visits and maritime events. This holiday also signifies the start of the summer season in Japan.

Mountain Day

Mountain Day, or 'Yama no Hi', observed on August 11th, is one of Japan's newest holidays. It celebrates the country's mountainous landscapes and encourages people to enjoy and appreciate the benefits of mountains. Many take this opportunity to hike and engage in outdoor activities, embracing Japan's natural beauty.

Respect for the Aged Day

Respect for the Aged Day, known as 'Keiro no Hi', observed on the third Monday of September, is a day to honor and show appreciation for the elderly. Community events, celebrations, and family gatherings are held to acknowledge the contributions and wisdom of senior citizens.

Autumnal Equinox Day

Autumnal Equinox Day, around September 22nd or 23rd, is a period for honoring deceased ancestors and celebrating the harvest season. Similar to the Vernal Equinox, this day has a mix of Shinto and Buddhist traditions, with many visiting family graves and enjoying the beauty of autumn.

Sports Day

Sports Day, or 'Taiiku no Hi', observed on the second Monday of October, promotes sports and an active lifestyle. Schools and communities across Japan organize sports events and activities, encouraging participation and highlighting the importance of physical health and teamwork.

Culture Day

Culture Day, celebrated on November 3rd, is dedicated to the arts, culture, and academic achievements. Museums and art galleries often offer free admission, and various cultural festivals and parades take place. This holiday also sees the awarding of the Order of Culture by the Emperor to those who have contributed significantly to Japanese culture.

Labor Thanksgiving Day

Labor Thanksgiving Day, or 'Kinro Kansha no Hi', observed on November 23rd, is a day to honor work and celebrate production. Originally a harvest festival, it now focuses on celebrating labor, productivity, and thanking one another. It's a day for recognizing the efforts and contributions of workers to society.

Diverse Festivals of Japan

Beyond these major holidays, Japan celebrates numerous other festivals. The Sapporo Snow Festival showcases stunning ice sculptures, while the Gion Matsuri in Kyoto features elaborate floats and traditional garments. Hanami, the cherry blossom festival, celebrates the beauty of cherry blossoms, and Tanabata, the star festival, is marked by writing wishes on tanzaku papers and hanging them on bamboo trees. Each of these festivals, with their distinct customs and significance, adds to the cultural richness of Japan.

In summary, Japanese holidays and festivals are a beautiful blend of tradition, history, and modernity. They not only provide a glimpse into the country's rich cultural heritage but also reflect the values and beliefs of Japanese society. As Japan continues to embrace both the past and the present, these celebrations remain a vital part of its national identity, bringing communities together and keeping the country's unique traditions alive.

Upcoming Holidays (next six months)

Mountain Day August 11 Sunday National Holiday
Mountain Day (observed) August 12 Monday National Holiday
Respect for the Aged Day September 16 Monday National Holiday
Autumnal Equinox Day September 22 Sunday National Holiday
Autumnal Equinox Day (observed) September 23 Monday National Holiday
Sports Day October 14 Monday National Holiday
Culture Day November 03 Sunday National Holiday
Culture Day (observed) November 04 Monday National Holiday
Labor Thanksgiving Day November 23 Saturday National Holiday
New Year's Day January 01 Wednesday National Holiday
Coming of Age Day January 13 Monday National Holiday

Holidays by Year

Previous Year: 2023
This page was last edited on 31 January 2024 at 05:31 PM (EST).