Public Holidays in Israel
Israel observes a diverse range of holidays and festivals, reflecting its religious, cultural, and historical significance. Here are some of the most important holidays and observances in Israel:
- Passover (Pesach) - Date varies (usually in March or April): An eight-day holiday commemorating the Israelites' liberation from slavery in Egypt. It includes the seder meal and the avoidance of leavened bread.
- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) - Date varies (usually in April or May): Celebrates the establishment of the State of Israel with fireworks, parades, and cultural events.
- Shavuot (Pentecost) - Date varies (usually in May or June): Commemorates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai. It includes the reading of the Ten Commandments and dairy foods.
- Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) - Date varies (usually in September): A two-day celebration marked by the sounding of the shofar (ram's horn), festive meals, and synagogue services. It marks the beginning of the Jewish High Holy Days.
- Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) - Date varies (usually in September or October): A solemn day of fasting, prayer, and reflection. It's considered the holiest day in Judaism.
- Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) - Date varies (usually in September or October): A week-long festival marked by the building of sukkahs (temporary huts), festive meals, and the waving of the lulav and etrog (palm branch and citron).
- Simchat Torah (Rejoicing of the Torah) - Date varies (immediately after Sukkot): Celebrates the completion of the annual Torah reading cycle with dancing and singing.
- Islamic Holidays - Dates vary according to the Islamic lunar calendar and include Eid al-Fitr (celebrating the end of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (the Feast of Sacrifice).
- Christian Holidays - Dates include Christmas, Easter, and other Christian holy days observed by the Christian minority in Israel.
These holidays are observed with varying levels of significance among Israel's diverse population, which includes Jews, Muslims, Christians, and other religious groups. Additionally, Israel has a number of secular holidays and national observances related to its history and culture
Please note that some holidays, particularly the Jewish ones, follow the Hebrew calendar and, therefore, have variable dates in the Gregorian calendar. On these holidays, most businesses and institutions are closed, and there may be special religious and cultural events.
Upcoming Holidays (next six months)
|Passover/Pesach I||April 22||Monday||Public Holiday|
|Passover/Pesach VII||April 29||Monday||Public Holiday|
|Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day)||May 14||Tuesday||Public Holiday|